Archaeologists have uncovered proof of the bloody Babylonian conquest of Jerusalem within the sixth century B.C.
Consultants digging in an excavation website at Jerusalem’s Mount Zion run by the College of North Carolina at Charlotte discovered layers of ash and arrowheads, in addition to lamps, a gold and silver tassel or earring and items of ceramics from the Iron Age.
The Babylonian conquest of Jerusalem befell in 587 and 586 B.C. The character of the artifacts and the layer of ash level to a bloody chapter within the metropolis’s historical past.
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“For archaeologists, an ashen layer can imply a variety of various things,” UNC Charlotte professor of historical past Shimon Gibson stated in an announcement. “It could possibly be ashy deposits faraway from ovens, or it could possibly be localized burning of rubbish. Nonetheless, on this case, the mixture of an ashy layer filled with artifacts, combined with arrowheads and a really particular decoration signifies some type of devastation and destruction.
“No one abandons golden jewellery and no one has arrowheads of their home refuse.”
Gibson stated the space is the place an historical fortification line as soon as stood. “The arrowheads are generally known as ‘Scythian arrowheads’ and have been discovered at different archaeological battle websites from the seventh and sixth centuries B.C.E.,” he defined, noting that they have been utilized by Babylonian warriors. “Collectively, this proof factors to the historic conquest of the town by Babylon as a result of the one main destruction we’ve got in Jerusalem for this era is the conquest of 587/586 B.C.E.”
The traditional Scythians occupied an unlimited space, encompassing components of what are now Russia and Ukraine, and stretched so far as central Asia.
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The clay lamps found on Mount Zion are additionally typical of the interval when the Babylonians laid siege to Jerusalem. Led by King Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonians ultimately breached Jerusalem’s defenses and razed the town, destroying King Solomon’s Temple.
Israel’s Haifa College and Ashkelon Tutorial School are additionally concerned within the Mount Zion archaeological mission. Archaeologists have discovered stays from the Roman and Byzantine eras on the website, in addition to proof of the sack of Jerusalem through the First Campaign.
Israel continues to disclose contemporary particulars of its wealthy historical past. In one other mission, archaeologists from the College of North Carolina at Chapel Hill not too long ago uncovered a 1,600-year-old biblical mosaic in northern Israel.
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The mosaic, which depicts a scene from the guide of Exodus, was discovered on the website of a fifth-century synagogue in Huqoq.
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Elsewhere, the Church of the Apostles, which is claimed to have been constructed over the home of Jesus’ disciples Peter and Andrew, has been found close to Israel’s Sea of Galilee, in keeping with a crew of American and Israeli archaeologists.
Comply with James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers